Web Application Frameworks are designed to support the development of web applications and web services, especially in dynamically-generated web sites. The purpose of a web application framework is to minimize the common activities performed in development of web-based applications such as the creation of programs to access databases and manage user sessions.
Many web application frameworks are structured in the MVC architecture, which works by encapsulating and separating the application’s data structure (Model), user interface and presentation (View), and programming logic (Controller).
Why is this important? Web application frameworks possess various pre-formatted libraries of the most common, but necessary, functions that provide data access, session management, and UI, which are readily available to enable faster application development turnaround, thus reducing cost in maintenance and support follow-ups.
There are countless of web application frameworks on the market, but the following are what we use due to their wealth of features and maintainability.